Basler Fasnacht*


Category:
Social practices
  • Oral expressions
  • Performing arts
  • Traditional craftsmanship
Canton:

Description

*Inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of the UNESCO

A jousting tournament in 1376 is the oldest documented Fasnacht (carnival) event in Basel. Since then, the Basel Fasnacht has been constantly changing. In its current form, the 'three finest days', as Fasnacht is called in Basel, reach far beyond the city borders. The citizens of Basel and the visitors gather at four in the morning on the Monday after Ash Wednesday. An eerie silence reigns over the pitch-black city centre before the drum major gives the marching order 'Morgenstreich vorw

Image gallery

  • « Morgenstreich »: drummers and pipers wear characteristic head lanterns on their masks, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • During the procession, the Basel 'cliques' address topical issues with a humorous touch, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • « Schnitzelbänke »: current events are reported on with a good helping of irony, 2006 © Claude Giger/picturebâle
  • Fasnacht is a tiring festival, and everyone needs a break, 2006 © Domenico Sposato, Basel
  • The procession is awash with confetti, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • The ground is covered in the colourful debris of the procession, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • During the procession: interaction between participants and spectators, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: Fasnacht is almost at an end, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: strolling through the streets, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: the final drums of Fasnacht, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • « Morgenstreich »: drummers and pipers wear characteristic head lanterns on their masks, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • During the procession, the Basel 'cliques' address topical issues with a humorous touch, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • « Schnitzelbänke »: current events are reported on with a good helping of irony, 2006 © Claude Giger/picturebâle
  • Fasnacht is a tiring festival, and everyone needs a break, 2006 © Domenico Sposato, Basel
  • The procession is awash with confetti, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • The ground is covered in the colourful debris of the procession, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • During the procession: interaction between participants and spectators, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: Fasnacht is almost at an end, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: strolling through the streets, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: the final drums of Fasnacht, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder

Video

Insights into the Basel Fasnacht: « Morgenstreich », « Schnitzelbanks », the procession, children's Fasnacht, 2011 © Telebasel

References and documentation

Publications
  • Christine Burckhardt-Seebass et al. (Ed.): Zwischentöne. Fasnacht und städtische Gesellschaft in Basel, 1923 – 1998. Basel, 1998

  • Fasnachts-Comité (Ed.): Basler Fasnacht – vorwärts marsch! «Läse – lotse – luege!» (Multimedia-Box). Basel, 2009

  • Peter Habicht: pfyffe, ruesse, schränze. Eine Einführung in die Basler Fasnacht. Basel, 2004

  • Eugen A. Meier: Die Basler Fasnacht. Geschichte und Gegenwart einer lebendigen Tradition. Basel, 1985

  • Dominik Wunderlin (Ed.): Fasnacht, Fasent, Carnaval im Dreiland. Basel, 2005

Multimedia
  • Morgestreich 
    2000 Johr Mählsuppe  
    Eine Aufnahme von 1957 dokumentiert den Morgenstreich der Basler Fasnacht
    Ref. Swiss National Sound Archives:
    LP8589 Tr. A

  • Festival 
    Fasnacht 2004   
    Trommler und Pfeiffer wie diejenigen der «Rätz-Clique» prägen die Basler Fasnacht
    Ref. Swiss National Sound Archives:
    CD35111 Tr. 1

  • Schnabelschau 
    Fasnacht 2004 
    In Schnitzelbänken wird das Zeitgeschehen kommentiert
    Ref. Swiss National Sound Archives:
    CD35111 Tr. 2

Documentation
  • Basler Fasnacht

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