Basler Fasnacht*


Category:
Social practices
  • Oral expressions
  • Performing arts
  • Traditional craftsmanship
Canton:

Description

*Integrada en la glista represchentativa dal patrimoni cultural immaterial da l'UNESCO

In turnier da chavaliers da l'onn 1376 è l'occurrenza da tschaiver a Basilea la pli veglia ch'è documentada. Dapi lura è il tschaiver da Basilea sa midà cuntinuadamain. En sia furma actuala han ils trais dis ils pli bels («drei scheenschte Dääg»), sco ch'il tschaiver vegn numnà a Basilea, ina gronda attracziun lunsch sur la citad or. Il glindesdi suenter mesemna da la tschendra sa rimnan las Basilaisas ed ils Basilais, las visitadras ed ils visitaders a las quatter la damaun. Sgarschaivel quiet èsi en la citad dal tuttafatg stgira avant ch'il maior dals tamburs dat il cumond da marschar «Morgenstreich vorwärts marsch» e ch'ils tamburs costumads ed ils piccolos cumenzan il tschaiver cun lur suns. Il glindesdi e la mesemna suentermezdi preschentan var 11'000 participantas e participants costumads numerus motivs en ils gronds cortegis. Il mardi tutga als uffants mascrads ed a las musicas da tschaiver. Ina rolla tut speziala al tschaiver da Basilea han las var 100 gruppas da salamuiras che reciteschan lur versets illustrads e plain beffas en las ustarias ed en ils tschalers.

Image gallery

  • « Morgenstreich »: drummers and pipers wear characteristic head lanterns on their masks, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • During the procession, the Basel 'cliques' address topical issues with a humorous touch, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • « Schnitzelbänke »: current events are reported on with a good helping of irony, 2006 © Claude Giger/picturebâle
  • Fasnacht is a tiring festival, and everyone needs a break, 2006 © Domenico Sposato, Basel
  • The procession is awash with confetti, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • The ground is covered in the colourful debris of the procession, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • During the procession: interaction between participants and spectators, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: Fasnacht is almost at an end, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: strolling through the streets, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: the final drums of Fasnacht, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • « Morgenstreich »: drummers and pipers wear characteristic head lanterns on their masks, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • During the procession, the Basel 'cliques' address topical issues with a humorous touch, 2003 © Felix Jehle/picturebâle
  • « Schnitzelbänke »: current events are reported on with a good helping of irony, 2006 © Claude Giger/picturebâle
  • Fasnacht is a tiring festival, and everyone needs a break, 2006 © Domenico Sposato, Basel
  • The procession is awash with confetti, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • The ground is covered in the colourful debris of the procession, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • During the procession: interaction between participants and spectators, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Lantern exhibition, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: Fasnacht is almost at an end, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: strolling through the streets, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder
  • Wednesday: the final drums of Fasnacht, 2008 © Juri Weiss/www.bs.ch/bilder

Video

Insights into the Basel Fasnacht: « Morgenstreich », « Schnitzelbanks », the procession, children's Fasnacht, 2011 © Telebasel

References and documentation

Publications
  • Christine Burckhardt-Seebass et al. (Ed.): Zwischentöne. Fasnacht und städtische Gesellschaft in Basel, 1923 – 1998. Basel, 1998

  • Fasnachts-Comité (Ed.): Basler Fasnacht – vorwärts marsch! «Läse – lotse – luege!» (Multimedia-Box). Basel, 2009

  • Peter Habicht: pfyffe, ruesse, schränze. Eine Einführung in die Basler Fasnacht. Basel, 2004

  • Eugen A. Meier: Die Basler Fasnacht. Geschichte und Gegenwart einer lebendigen Tradition. Basel, 1985

  • Dominik Wunderlin (Ed.): Fasnacht, Fasent, Carnaval im Dreiland. Basel, 2005

Multimedia
  • Morgestreich 
    2000 Johr Mählsuppe  
    Eine Aufnahme von 1957 dokumentiert den Morgenstreich der Basler Fasnacht
    Ref. Swiss National Sound Archives:
    LP8589 Tr. A

  • Festival 
    Fasnacht 2004   
    Trommler und Pfeiffer wie diejenigen der «Rätz-Clique» prägen die Basler Fasnacht
    Ref. Swiss National Sound Archives:
    CD35111 Tr. 1

  • Schnabelschau 
    Fasnacht 2004 
    In Schnitzelbänken wird das Zeitgeschehen kommentiert
    Ref. Swiss National Sound Archives:
    CD35111 Tr. 2

Documentation
  • Basler Fasnacht

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