Roof covering and repairs


Category:
Traditional craftsmanship
Canton:

Description

Stone roofs are a typical feature of the traditional architecture found in the Sopraceneri region and the northernmost part of the Lugano district, where their use was encouraged by plentiful gneiss deposits. The heavy tiles, generally known as "piode", differ in size and thickness. Craftsmen who go by the dialect name of "teciatt" cover and repair these roofs by hand. They learn their trade on the job from their older and more experienced colleagues. The stone tiles are broken into shape with a hammer and laid on the sturdy roof beams without any fastening. Even today, restoring stone roofs is a highly skilled craft. Each one is different, so the roofer must always decide which steps must be taken and which kind of stone is most suitable. Repairs on old roofs are carried out by specialised roofers and sometimes by self-taught amateurs who mainly practise the craft in their spare time.

Image gallery

  • Craftsmen at work © Reto Cittadini
  • Sobrio, Val Leventina: stone roof awaiting restoration © Reto Cittadini
  • Sobrio, Val Leventina: stone roof after restoration © Reto Cittadini
  • Restoration of a small rustico in the Blenio Valley © Reto Cittadini
  • Blenio Valley: reddish old stone tiles intermingle with new ones © Reto Cittadini
  • Craftsmen at work © Reto Cittadini
  • Sobrio, Val Leventina: stone roof awaiting restoration © Reto Cittadini
  • Sobrio, Val Leventina: stone roof after restoration © Reto Cittadini
  • Restoration of a small rustico in the Blenio Valley © Reto Cittadini
  • Blenio Valley: reddish old stone tiles intermingle with new ones © Reto Cittadini

References and documentation

Publications
  • Giovanni Bianconi: Tessiner Dächer (Schweizer Heimatbücher 121). Bern, 1965

  • Giovanni Bianconi: Costruzioni contadine ticinesi, Locarno, 1983 (prima pubblicazione: 1982)

  • Centro di dialettologia e di etnografia (Ed.): Vocabolario dei dialetti della Svizzera italiana. Bellinzona, 1952-

  • Interviste (a cura di Alessandra Bobbià): Reto Cittadini (09.02.2011), Giuliano Strazzini (09.02.2011). Centro di dialettologia e di etnografia. Bellinzona

  • Giovanni Simonis: Manuale per la costruzione di tetti di beola. Milano, 1976

Documentation