Näfels procession


Category:
Social practices
Canton:

Description

On 9 April 1388, a group of about 600 men from Glarus and reinforcements from Uri and Schwyz defeated a far superior Austrian army. The Austrians were aiming to conquer Glarus and return it to the realm of Habsburg power, at the same time punishing the people of Glarus for unlawful action in the Linth Plain. The army made great progress into the Glarus area, but while trying to steal cattle near Näfels they were overcome and forced to retreat. The Näfels procession marks the anniversary of this victory with a commemorative service, a procession and political speeches. The celebration is part of public life in the Canton of Glarus, combining religious remembrance of the dead as performed in the late Middle Ages with a secular and patriotic celebration in line with the battle celebrations of the 19th century. The event attracts up to a thousand participants.

Image gallery

  • Catholic procession with Netstal and Vorderglärnisch in the background © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The guard of honour receiving orders in front of Glarus Armoury © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Näfels Harmoniemusik band in front of Glarus Armoury as they get ready to march © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The procession making its way down the road connecting Glarus and Netstal © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Parading through Netstal: Drummers, marching band, military guard of honour © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Unit Geb Füs Bat 85 laying a wreath in memory of the mortar accident of 1941 © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Catholic procession moving along the (Catholic) route into Schneisigen © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Local government members making their way from Glarus to Schneisigen along a road closed to traffic © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The local government dressed in morning coats and hats listening to the Harmoniemusik Näfels band © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Glarus cantonal choir providing the vocals for the event © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Participants and spectators in Schneisigen listening to the political speech of Governing Chairman Andrea Bettiga © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The procession and spectators moving past the second memorial stone and heading towards the procession square in Näfels © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Bishop of Chur leading prayers at the fourth memorial stone © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The procession passing along worn away paths past the memorial stones towards the procession square © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Town council official Josef Schwitter reading out the processional text at the procession square © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The processional text is taken back to Glarus by the police © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Bishop giving the (Catholic) sermon © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The event moving to the battle memorial © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Participants and spectators listening to Franz Rigli’s song "Mir Glarner fiired d’Fahrt" © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Church of St Hilarius and the "battle chapel" © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The names of those who died in the battle appear on bronze plaques erected in 1839 in Mollis Reformed Parish Church © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Project watercolour by Alfred Romang in 1887: The lion on the picture was never part of the sculpture © Kanton Glarus, Landesarchiv
  • Children’s procession in Elm, 1938 © Kaspar Rhyner
  • Catholic procession with Netstal and Vorderglärnisch in the background © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The guard of honour receiving orders in front of Glarus Armoury © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Näfels Harmoniemusik band in front of Glarus Armoury as they get ready to march © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The procession making its way down the road connecting Glarus and Netstal © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Parading through Netstal: Drummers, marching band, military guard of honour © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Unit Geb Füs Bat 85 laying a wreath in memory of the mortar accident of 1941 © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Catholic procession moving along the (Catholic) route into Schneisigen © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Local government members making their way from Glarus to Schneisigen along a road closed to traffic © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The local government dressed in morning coats and hats listening to the Harmoniemusik Näfels band © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Glarus cantonal choir providing the vocals for the event © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Participants and spectators in Schneisigen listening to the political speech of Governing Chairman Andrea Bettiga © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The procession and spectators moving past the second memorial stone and heading towards the procession square in Näfels © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Bishop of Chur leading prayers at the fourth memorial stone © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The procession passing along worn away paths past the memorial stones towards the procession square © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Town council official Josef Schwitter reading out the processional text at the procession square © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The processional text is taken back to Glarus by the police © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Bishop giving the (Catholic) sermon © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The event moving to the battle memorial © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Participants and spectators listening to Franz Rigli’s song "Mir Glarner fiired d’Fahrt" © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The Church of St Hilarius and the "battle chapel" © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • The names of those who died in the battle appear on bronze plaques erected in 1839 in Mollis Reformed Parish Church © Heinrich Speich, 2011
  • Project watercolour by Alfred Romang in 1887: The lion on the picture was never part of the sculpture © Kanton Glarus, Landesarchiv
  • Children’s procession in Elm, 1938 © Kaspar Rhyner

References and documentation

Publications
  • Jürg Knobel, Steve Ellington: Eindrücke von der Näfelser Fahrt 8.April 2010 (DVD). Glarus, 2010

  • Kantonales Komitee «600-Jahr-Feier Schlacht bei Näfels» (Ed.): 1388-1988: Das Jubiläum. Glarus, 1989

  • Josef Schwitter: Zur Fahrtsfeier. In: Glarner Nachrichten, 9. April 1980

  • Fritz Stucki: Aus der Geschichte der Näfelser Fahrt. In: Varia zur Glarner Geschichte. Von Fritz Stucki. Glarus, 1983, p. 11-21

  • Heinrich Stüssi et al.: Fry! Fry! Das Land Glarus und die werdende Eidgenossenschaft zwischen 1351 und 1388 (Neujahrsbote für das Glarner Hinterland). Schwanden, 1987

  • Ernst Tremp: Schlacht bei Näfels. In: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz. Bern, 2009 (www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/d/D8873.php)

Documentation
  • Näfelser Fahrt

    Ausführliche Beschreibung Last modification: 19.07.2012
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