Cherry growing


Category:
Knowledge concerning nature
  • Traditional craftsmanship
Canton:

Description

The cultivation of 'Chriesi' (cherries) has long played an important role in the canton of Zug, firstly as an economically significant branch of agricultural production and in the 20th century as an identity-reinforcing characteristic of a rapidly developing region. The first evidence of what are thought to have been relatively extensive orchards of sizeable cherry trees dates back to the 17th century. A document from the year 1627 refers to a cherry market in the town of Zug. Recipes for cooking and making drinks out of cherries are first seen in the 18th century. The distillation of cherries to make schnapps has a particularly long tradition in this canton. Founded in 1870, the 'Kirschwasser-Gesellschaft in Zug' (Zug Kirsch Company) achieved considerable success at the end of the 19th century through global marketing of kirsch distilled in Zug. Zug-based pastry chef Heinrich Höhn invented the Zuger Kirschtorte (Zug cherry cake) around the year 1915. Today, a number of industrial and numerous farmhouse distilleries in the region turn out more than 60,000 litres of kirsch every year, of which around 15,000 litres are required for Zuger Kirschtorte production alone. Due to extensive construction work and the general decline in agriculture, the population of cherry trees shrank in the 20th century. Since 2008, an interest group has been countering this trend with targeted cultivation programmes. Around three-quarters of the over 400 farms in the canton grow cherries.

Image gallery

  • Walchwilerberg, May 2011: cherry trees in bloom at 950 metres above sea level © Caroline Lötscher, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Oberwil bei Zug, July 2009: the table cherries are plucked by hand © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Oberwil bei Zug, July 2009: the cherry pluckers climb into the trees with a basket hung around their waist © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • City of Zug, Zurlaubenhof with St. Michael's Church, June 2009: ripe table cherries hanging from the tree © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Thomas Anton Wickart (1798-1876): Aquarell um 1850 der Baarer Ebene, im Mittelgrund der Zugersee © Museum Burg Zug
  • Zug, 1902: the bells of the old St. Michael's Church after they had been taken down. At the far right is the "Chriesiglocke" (cherry bell) © IG Zuger Chriesi
  • The Landsgemeindeplatz in Zug: the "Chriesimärt" (cherry market) is held during harvest time, 2009 © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Alpenstrasse in Zug, around 1914: the inventor of the Zug cherry cake Heinrich Höhn, with his wife Hanna and staff © IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Martin Peikert, 1939: promotional poster for the Zug tourist office © Martin Peikert (Gestaltung)/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Ueli Kleeb and Caroline Lötscher, 2009: promotional poster for IG Zuger Chriesi © Ueli Kleeb und Caroline Lötscher (Gestaltung)/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Walchwilerberg, May 2011: cherry trees in bloom at 950 metres above sea level © Caroline Lötscher, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Oberwil bei Zug, July 2009: the table cherries are plucked by hand © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Oberwil bei Zug, July 2009: the cherry pluckers climb into the trees with a basket hung around their waist © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • City of Zug, Zurlaubenhof with St. Michael's Church, June 2009: ripe table cherries hanging from the tree © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Thomas Anton Wickart (1798-1876): Aquarell um 1850 der Baarer Ebene, im Mittelgrund der Zugersee © Museum Burg Zug
  • Zug, 1902: the bells of the old St. Michael's Church after they had been taken down. At the far right is the "Chriesiglocke" (cherry bell) © IG Zuger Chriesi
  • The Landsgemeindeplatz in Zug: the "Chriesimärt" (cherry market) is held during harvest time, 2009 © Ueli Kleeb, Zug/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Alpenstrasse in Zug, around 1914: the inventor of the Zug cherry cake Heinrich Höhn, with his wife Hanna and staff © IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Martin Peikert, 1939: promotional poster for the Zug tourist office © Martin Peikert (Gestaltung)/IG Zuger Chriesi
  • Ueli Kleeb and Caroline Lötscher, 2009: promotional poster for IG Zuger Chriesi © Ueli Kleeb und Caroline Lötscher (Gestaltung)/IG Zuger Chriesi

References and documentation

Publications
  • Ueli Kleeb, Caroline Lötscher (Ed.): Chriesi. Kirschenkultur rund um Zugersee und Rigi. Steinhausen, 2017

Documentation
  • Kirschenanbau

    Ausführliche Beschreibung Last modification: 04.06.2018
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