Folk music in Graubünden


Category:
Performing arts
Canton:

Description

Graubünden has a diverse folk music scene. More than seventy ensembles play different styles throughout the canton. Traditional folk bands mainly play ‘Graubünden style’ music with clarinets, accordions and double bass, while more experimental musicians combine old and new styles using various instrumental arrangements. Folk band meetings, dance events and folk music weeks are held regularly.

Graubünden dance music in the 19th century was influenced by the Jenish families of musicians and their ‘Seppli‘ and ‘Fränzli‘ music, named after the clarinettist Josef Metzger from Trin and violinist Franz-Josef Waser from Tschlin. Their bands played ‘string music’ in mixed ensembles. In the 1930s, ‘Ländlermusik’ came from the lowlands to Graubünden. The small Swiss accordion replaced the violin and the clarinet became the lead instrument. The first representatives of the Graubünden style were Luzi Brüesch, Paul Kollegger and Lenz Majoleth. The music style was further influenced by Josias Jenny, Luzi Bergamin and Peter Zinsli. Since the 1950s, radio and television have contributed to the popularisation of Graubünden folk music, and it has also been appropriated by conservative political groups. In recent decades, innovative ensembles such as ‘Ils Fränzlis da Tschlin’ have influenced Graubünden folk music with new musical impulses and opened it up to new styles and interpretations.

Image gallery

  • Oberalp band © Joerg Kressig
  • Stelserbuaba ensemble (2009) © Stelserbuaba
  • Huusmusig Kollegger ensemble at the Palace Hotel (St. Moritz, 2016) © Huusmusig Kollegger
  • Handorgelduett Hunger-Hunger ensemble (2014) © Pit Wolf
  • Kapelle Rhygold © Pit Wolf
  • Bündner Spitzbueba ensemble © buendnerspitzbueba.ch
  • Schwyzerörgeli Fründa Felsberg ensemble © sf-felsberg.ch
  • Ländlerquartett Bodaguat ensemble © Robin Mark
  • Ils Fränzlis da Tschlin ensemble (2015) © Flurin Bertschinger
  • Lavuratori music workshop in Tschlin (2016) © David Bühler
  • Course entitled ‘From the music box of friends of folk music from Engadin’ at the Haus der Volksmusik (Altdorf, 2016) © Haus der Volksmusik, Altdorf
  • Folk music lessons at the Schanfigg music school (2016) © Musikschule Schanfigg

References and documentation

Publications
  • Heinz Brunner: Mit Klarinette, Schwyzerörgeli und Geige: Ländlermusik in Graubünden. Chur, 1995

  • Georg Jäger: Brüesch - Jenny - Zinsli. Ländlerkönige aus dem Schanfigg. Ihre Vorgänger und Vorbilder. In: Bündner Jahrbuch 2010, p. 81-96

  • Georg Jäger: Musik. In: Schweizer Fahrende in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Eine Website der Stiftung Zukunft für Schweizer Fahrende (http://www.stiftung-fahrende.ch/geschichte-gegenwart/de/geschichte-der-fahrenden/kultur/musik, 10.05.2012)

  • Heinz Kerle: Was ist Bündner Volksmusik. In: Terra Grischuna 5, 1978, p. 291-293

  • Karoline Oehme-Jüngling: Volksmusik in der Schweiz. Kulturelle Praxis und gesellschaftlicher Diskurs. Münster, 2016

  • Dieter Ringli: Schweizer Volksmusik. Von den Anfängen um 1800 bis zur Gegenwart. Altdorf, 2017 (2., erweiterte Auflage)

  • Strada-Turich retuorn = Zürich-Strada und zurück: wie Engadiner Musik nach Zürich und Ländlermusik ins Engadin kam. Ed. Fundaziun Stamparia Strada. Strada, 2015

  • Karoline Arn und Martina Rieder: Unerhört jenisch (Dokumentarfilm, 2017)

  • Stefan Haupt: Increschantüm - Heimweh (Dokumentarfilm, 2001, https://www.rtr.ch/emissiuns/sas-anc/increschantuem)

Documentation